Rama , Lakshmana, Bharata, Shatrughana were born to Dashratha, King of Ayodhya. As the sons of the King, it was their duty to become soldiers, and thus to educate them, Dashratha chose Sage Vashist. Rama's skills with the bow & arrow became popular.
One day Sage Vishwamitra came to Dashratha and sought Rama's help to fight the demons who made it impossible to worship. Rama & Lakshmana, his favorite brother, set out with him. In the forest Rama killed demon Tarka who was bothering Vishwamitra. Vishwamitra was so pleased that he taught Rama & Lakshmana unique weapons, which Gods themselves used, for instance - The Fire, The water.
Meanwhile a baby girl was born to King Janaka. In real she was the wife of Lord Vishnu, Lakshmi. Now, this king had a bow of Lord Shiva in his palace. It was so heavy that thousands of soldiers could not move it. One day King Janaka saw that Sita moved the bow with her finger, and decided to get Sita married to a person who could lift the bow.
Sita had grown up and her father wanted to marry her and invited Kings and Princes to a Swamvayar, to lift the bow. Many tried, even Ravana the famous and powerful demon king, tried, but no one could move it an inch. When Rama came to try it, he easily lifted it. He was so strong that he broke it into two while trying to string it. Rama won the swamvayar and Sita married Rama.
At Ayodhya, Dashratha announced that Rama would be throned as a King after him and started preparation for his coronation. Before this could happen, the King's favorite queen, Kaikeyi's maid Manthara warned Kaikeyi and told her to use the wishes which Dashratha had promised her.
Kaikeyi asked Dashratha to coronate her son Bharatha and send Rama to forest for fourteen years. Dashratha was shocked, but had to fulfill it. Thus Rama, followed by his loyal Lakshmana & Sita left for the forest. The old King then remembered that when he was young, he had killed a young man named Sharvan by mistake and his angry parents had cursed him that he too would die in the sorrow of his son.
When Bharatha came to know about all this, he went to forest and asked Rama to come back, but Rama gently refused and said that everyone should live a life of truth.
So Bharatha went back to Ayodhya with Rama's sandals and installed it on the throne. He vowed that he would only rule the kingdom in Rama's name until Rama returned from the forest. Rama travelled south and settled on the Banks of Godavari.
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